Category: Bull put spread

This page explains bull put spread payoff at expiration and the calculation of its maximum profit, maximum loss, break-even point and risk-reward ratio. It is actually the other side of a bear put spread tradewhere a higher strike put is bought and a lower strike put is sold. As a result, the profit and loss profile is also inverse. While bear put spread is a bearish strategy, bull put spread as its name suggests is bullish — profits when the underlying security goes up.

Like other vertical spreads, a bull put spread has limited risk and limited profit potential. Unlike bear put spread and unlike bull call spread which is also bullish and has a similar payoff profilebull put spread is a credit spreadwhich means the cash flow when opening the position is positive.

This is because the higher strike put that you sell is typically more expensive than the lower strike put that you buy. However, the trade typically comes with margin requirement.

The objective of a bull put spread trade, as with other credit spreads, is to defend the premium that you have received. The worst case scenario is that underlying price ends up below both strikes, resulting in a loss that corresponds to the difference between the two strikes, less premium received.

Note that this is exactly the other side of the trade we have used for the bear put spread example. This time, we want the underlying price to increase and both the put options to get out of the money. If we hold the position until expiration, there are three possible scenarios.

Both options are in the money. However, the lower strike put which you have bought acts as a hedge and limits the loss. Maximum loss from a bull put spread trade is equal to difference between strikes minus net premium received. It applies when underlying price ends up at or below the lower strike. The best case scenario is again the inverse of the worst case scenario from the bear put spread example.

If underlying price ends up above the higher strike, both options expire worthless and there is zero cash flow at expiration. Maximum profit from a bull put spread is equal to premium received in the beginning. It applies when underlying price ends up above the higher strike and both options expire worthless. If underlying price ends up between the two strikes, only the short higher strike put has some value at expiration. Profit or loss between the two strikes increases as underlying price goes up.

Near the lower strike it approaches maximum loss; near the higher strike it approaches maximum profit. You can see the payoff diagram below. X axis shows underlying price, Y axis profit or loss. Because bull put spread is the other side of bear put spread, break-even price is the same — only profit for one side is loss for the other and vice versa.

We have already mentioned that bull put spread is the other side of bear put spread. It has similar payoff to bull call spread. The main difference is that bull call spread uses calls rather than puts and it is a debit spread negative cash flow on position entry. Another strategy with similar payoff profile is collarwhich contains a lower strike long put exactly like in a bull put spreada long position in the underlying security and a short higher strike call the combined effect of long underlying and short call is the same as the short higher strike put in a bull put spread.

Bull put spread can be considered a hedged version of short naked put. The difference is the lower strike long put, which reduced premium received and therefore reduced profit potential, but protects the position from extreme drops in underlying price. Distance between the two strikes determines how conservative or how risky a bull put spread is — the wider the gap, the more risk. In fact, a plain and simple short put can be considered something like a bull put spread where the lower strike is zero.

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bull put spread

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bull put spread

Options Menu. Bull Put Credit Spreads Screener A Bull Put credit spread is a short put options spread strategy where you expect the underlying security to increase in value.

Within the same expiration, sell a put and buy a lower strike put. Profit is limited to the credit or premium received, which is the difference between the short put and long put prices. Risk is limited to the difference in strikes values minus the credit. The bull put strategy succeeds if the underlying security price is above the higher or sold strike at expiration.

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What Is A Bull Put Spread?

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bull put spread

A bull put spread consists of one short put with a higher strike price and one long put with a lower strike price.

Both puts have the same underlying stock and the same expiration date. A bull put spread is established for a net credit or net amount received and profits from either a rising stock price or from time erosion or from both.

bull put spread

Potential profit is limited to the net premium received less commissions and potential loss is limited if the stock price falls below the strike price of the long put. Potential profit is limited to the net premium received less commissions, and this profit is realized if the stock price is at or above the strike price of the short put higher strike at expiration and both puts expire worthless.

The maximum risk is equal to the difference between the strike prices minus the net credit received including commissions. In the example above, the difference between the strike prices is 5. The maximum risk, therefore, is 3. This maximum risk is realized if the stock price is at or below the strike price of the long put at expiration. Short puts are generally assigned at expiration when the stock price is below the strike price.

However, there is a possibility of early assignment. See below. A bull put spread earns the maximum profit when the price of the underlying stock is above the strike price of the short put higher strike price at expiration. A bull put spread is the strategy of choice when the forecast is for neutral to rising prices and there is a desire to limit risk.

A bull put spread benefits when the underlying price rises and is hurt when it falls. Also, because a bull put spread consists of one short put and one long put, the net delta changes very little as the stock price changes and time to expiration is unchanged.

Volatility is a measure of how much a stock price fluctuates in percentage terms, and volatility is a factor in option prices. As volatility rises, option prices tend to rise if other factors such as stock price and time to expiration remain constant.

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Since a bull put spread consists of one short put and one long put, the price of a bull put spread changes very little when volatility changes and other factors remain constant.The bull put spread option trading strategy is employed when the options trader thinks that the price of the underlying asset will go up moderately in the near term. The bull put spread options strategy is also known as the bull put credit spread as a credit is received upon entering the trade.

Bull put spreads can be implemented by selling a higher striking in-the-money put option and buying a lower striking out-of-the-money put option on the same underlying stock with the same expiration date. If the stock price closes above the higher strike price on expiration date, both options expire worthless and the bull put spread option strategy earns the maximum profit which is equal to the credit taken in when entering the position.

If the stock price drops below the lower strike price on expiration date, then the bull put spread strategy incurs a maximum loss equal to the difference between the strike prices of the two puts minus the net credit received when putting on the trade. The underlier price at which break-even is achieved for the bull put spread position can be calculated using the following formula.

This is also his maximum possible loss. Note: While we have covered the use of this strategy with reference to stock options, the bull put spread is equally applicable using ETF options, index options as well as options on futures. However, for active traders, commissions can eat up a sizable portion of their profits in the long run. If you trade options actively, it is wise to look for a low commissions broker. Traders who trade large number of contracts in each trade should check out OptionsHouse.

The following strategies are similar to the bull put spread in that they are also bullish strategies that have limited profit potential and limited risk. The bull put spread is a credit spread as the difference between the sale and purchase of the two options results in a net credit. For a bullish spread position that is entered with a net debit, see bull call spread.

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Buying straddles is a great way to play earnings. Many a times, stock price gap up or down following the quarterly earnings report but often, the direction of the movement can be unpredictable. For instance, a sell off can occur even though the earnings report is good if investors had expected great results If you are very bullish on a particular stock for the long term and is looking to purchase the stock but feels that it is slightly overvalued at the moment, then you may want to consider writing put options on the stock as a means to acquire it at a discount Also known as digital options, binary options belong to a special class of exotic options in which the option trader speculate purely on the direction of the underlying within a relatively short period of time Cash dividends issued by stocks have big impact on their option prices.

This is because the underlying stock price is expected to drop by the dividend amount on the ex-dividend date As an alternative to writing covered calls, one can enter a bull call spread for a similar profit potential but with significantly less capital requirement. In place of holding the underlying stock in the covered call strategy, the alternative Some stocks pay generous dividends every quarter.

You qualify for the dividend if you are holding on the shares before the ex-dividend date To achieve higher returns in the stock market, besides doing more homework on the companies you wish to buy, it is often necessary to take on higher risk. A most common way to do that is to buy stocks on margin Day trading options can be a successful, profitable strategy but there are a couple of things you need to know before you use start using options for day trading Learn about the put call ratio, the way it is derived and how it can be used as a contrarian indicator Put-call parity is an important principle in options pricing first identified by Hans Stoll in his paper, The Relation Between Put and Call Prices, in A bull put spread is an options strategy that an investor uses when they expect a moderate rise in the price of the underlying asset.

The strategy employs two put options to form a range, consisting of a high strike price and a low strike price. The investor receives a net credit from the difference between the two premiums from the options. Each put option has a strike price, which is the price at which the option converts to the underlying stock.

Investors typically buy put options when they are bearish on a stock, meaning they hope the stock will fall below the option's strike price. However, the bull put spread is designed to benefit from a stock's rise. If the stock trades above the strike at expiry, the put option expires worthless, because no one would sell the stock at a strike lower than the market price.

As a result, the investor who bought the put loses the value of the premium they paid. On the other hand, an investor who sells a put option is hoping the stock doesn't decrease, but rises above the strike so the put option expires worthless.

A put option seller—the option writer —receives the premium for selling the option initially and wants to keep that sum. However, if the stock declines below the strike, the put seller is on the hook. The option holder has a profit and will exercise their rights, selling their shares at the higher strike price. In other words, the put option is exercised against the seller.

The premium received by the seller would be reduced depending on how far the stock price falls below the put option's strike. The bull put spread is designed to allow the seller to keep the premium earned from selling the put option even if the stock's price declines. First, an investor buys a put option and pays a premium. Next, the investor sells a second put option at a strike price higher than the one they purchased, receiving a premium.

Both options have the same expiration date. The premium earned from selling the higher-strike put exceeds the price paid for the lower-strike put. At the onset of the trade, the investor receives the net difference of the premiums from the two put options.

However, there is a risk of loss with this strategy. In other words, the net credit received initially is the maximum profit, which only happens if the stock's price closes above the higher strike price at expiry. The goal of the bull put spread strategy is realized when the price of the underlying moves or stays above the higher strike price. The result is the sold option expires worthless. The reason it expires worthless is that no one would want to exercise it and sell their shares at the strike price if it's lower than the market price.

A drawback to the strategy is that it limits the profit earned if the stock rises well above the upper strike price of the sold put option.

The investor would pocket the initial credit but miss out on any future gains. If the stock is below the upper strike in the strategy, the investor will begin to lose money since the put option will likely be exercised.

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Someone in the market would want to sell their shares at this, more attractive, strike price. However, the investor received a net credit for the strategy at the outset. This credit provides some cushion for the losses. Once the stock declines far enough to wipe out the credit received, the investor begins losing money on the trade. If the stock price falls below the lower strike put option—the purchased put—both put options would have lost money, and maximum loss for the strategy is realized.

The maximum loss is equal to the difference between the strike prices and the net credit received.

Bull Put Spread Explained (Best Guide w/ Examples)

The risk of loss, at its maximum, is the difference between the strike prices and the net credit paid. The strategy has limited profit potential and misses out on future gains if the stock price rises above the upper strike price.

To implement a bull put spread, the investor:. Once the stock rises above the upper strike price, the strategy ceases to earn any additional profit. Advanced Options Trading Concepts.Options are popular because they allow you to make money in any market. Therefore, sideways markets can still make you money. However, there are many moving parts to options. An options trader will use bull put spreads when they feel the price of a underlying asset will sightly rise in the near future. The bull put spread options strategy has many named.

For example, the bull put credit spread, short put spread or a vertical spread. I must admit, all the names seem like overkill. However, it's good to know they all mean the same thing.

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What's more, credit is received upon entering the trade hence the term credit spread. Trading credit spreads for a livinghow cool is that? They're pretty simple to build. I must admit, credit spreads are a pretty good strategy to have in your trading arsenal. Keep reading and I'll show you how! Building a bull put spread takes two steps.

In fact, all spreads strategies require only two steps. Here's how it looks:. Remember, the options contracts are the same stock with the same expiration date. If the option is assigned with a short put, you're obligated to buy the stock at strike price B. The right to sell the stock at strike price A is yours, however. A short put spread is an alternative to the short put. The premium earned from selling the higher-strike put B pays for the cost of buying the lower-strike put A.

You get credited immediately, making this strategy great. You make money from the difference between the premium paid from each of the options. Check out our service to learn more about bull put spreads. Bull put spreads have a strategy. Your end goal here is to have the price of the underlying asset to be either at or above strike price B the higher strike option at expiration. Why should this be your end goal? Because this will maximize your profit.

The reason why the option expires worthlessly is that no one would want to exercise it i. In order to increase your probability of success, have the strike price of B around one standard deviation out-of-the-money when you sell it. On the other hand, the further out-of-the-money the strike price is, lowers the credit you get from the spread. As a result, keep this in mind when constructing your bull put spreads.

Our live swing trade room discusses different options strategies such as bull put spreads.

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Check us out. Bull put spreads work best with an expiration date around days from the time of purcahse. Mainly because time decay is on your side - remember you want both options to expire worthlessly. Don't forget about implied volatility.Both options must be in the same expiration cycle.

Additionally, each strike should have the same number of contracts i. Selling put spreads is similar to selling naked puts, but far less risky due to buying a put against the short put. As the name suggests, a bull put spread is a bullish strategy, as it tends to profit when the underlying stock price rises. Let's go over the strategy's general characteristics:.

How to Trade Bull Put Spreads

To gain a better understanding of each concept, let's walk through a trade example. In the following example, we'll construct a bull put spread from the following option chain:. To construct a bull put spread, we'll have to simultaneously sell one of these puts and purchase the same number of puts at a lower strike price. In this case, we'll sell the 90 put and buy the 85 put.

Additionally, the maximum loss potential is greater than the maximum profit potential. If the stock price is below 85 at expiration, both puts expire in-the-money.

The following visual demonstrates the potential profits and losses for this bull put spread at expiration:. Both the 85 and 90 put expire worthless. Because of this, the bull put spread trader realizes a profit, but not the maximum profit since the position expires with some value.

Because of this, the trader realizes a loss at expiration, but not the maximum loss. You know how to determine the potential outcomes of a short put spread at expiration, but what about before expiration? To demonstrate how short put spreads perform before expiration, we're going to look at a few examples of positions that recently traded in the market.

In the following examples, we'll compare changes in the stock price to a bull put spread on that stock.

Note that we won't discuss the specific stock the trade was on, as the same concepts regarding short put spreads apply to each stock. The potential gains and losses scales proportionately to the number of put spreads traded. The first example we'll investigate is a situation where a trader sells an at-the-money put spread.

An at-the-money bull put spread consists of selling an at-the-money put and buying an out-of-the-money put. When constructed properly, the breakeven price is slightly below the current stock price. Here's the setup:. Long 95 put expiring in 46 days. As you can see here, the value of the put spread increases as the stock price falls, which is not good for a short put spread trader.


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